Theft / Fraud Offenses
Michigan has an extensive list of crimes, which can be loosely called theft or fraud crimes. Among this classification of crimes can also be included offenses which typically include some larcenous component or element. All told, these offenses are as follows:
- Breaking and Entering
- Checks Without Sufficient Funds
- False Pretenses / Representation
- Home Invasion
- Receiving Stolen Property
- Retail Fraud
- Uttering & Publishing
Distinguishing Theft Offenses
The penalty classification (misdemeanor vs. felony and length of imprisonment) for each particular crime is typically determined by a combination of several factors:
- The individual or entity targeted
- The specific item(s) or good(s) taken
- The value of the item(s) taken
Targets for theft crimes are numerous and varied and might include:
- Vulnerable adults (elderly)
- Gas stations
- State, county, or federal agencies
- Motor vehicles
- Financial institutions
The nature of the items that could be stolen and their possible values are too numerous and varied to list here, but typically Michigan classifies the value of goods within a specific range of values. For example, first-degree retail fraud pertains to goods over $1,000 in value, second-degree retail fraud pertains to goods between $200 and $1,000 in value, and third-degree retail fraud covers goods less than $200 in value.
Also typically included in most theft and fraud cases is a restitution component whereby the offender, if found guilty, is ordered by the court to pay back to the victim money in the amount of the value of the goods taken. It is important to note that restitution is not automatic in these cases and sometimes, with effective counsel, can be negotiated to minimize the criminal sanctions one is facing for a theft or fraud offense.
It goes without saying, therefore, that there are a lot of moving parts and complexities involved in theft and fraud cases such that you shouldn’t take a chance without first consulting an attorney. The Peter J. Johnson Law Office, PLLC has years of extensive experience in the criminal realm, particularly in the arena of theft and fraud crimes. We offer free consultations over the phone or in our St. Joseph, Michigan office, conveniently located across the street from the Berrien County Courthouse. Call us today. What do you have to lose? If you don’t reach an attorney when you call, we guarantee a callback within 24 hours. Not many attorneys will make that kind of promise these days!